Outline of Events
  • 1915- Bulgaria allies itself with the Central Powers as Greece allies itself with the Allies
Corfu Incident
  • August 27, 1923- Italian Chairman, General Enrico Tellini and three assistants are murdered at Kakavia near the Greek/Albanian border.
  • 2 days later-Italy sends an ultimatum to Athens, Greek prime minister makes counter proposals
  • August 31- Italian forces shell and occupy Greek island of Corfus (the Italians receive international condemnation.)
Incident at Petrich
  • 1920-1925- Bulgaria and Greece experience ethnic minority clashes and struggle to maintain peaceful relations
  • October 22, 1925- Greek soldier runs after his dog across the border separating Greece from Petrich, Bulgaria. Bulgarian guard shoots soldier and Greece subsequently declares war and invades Bulgaria.
  • Greece leaves the area a week later under pressure from the League of Nations. League must also pay Bulgaria monetary compensation.
Works Cited-
Brecher, Michael, and Jonathan Wilkenfeld. A Study of Crisis. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1997. Print.

Lowe, C. J., and F. ,. Marzari. Italian Foreign Policy, 1870-1940. London: Routledge & Paul, 1975. Print.

Michaletos, By Ioannis. "Greek-Bulgarian Relations, 1912-2006: A Historical Synopsis."Balkanalysis. Web. 18 Oct. 2010. <http://www.balkanalysis.com/2006/04/12/greek-bulgarian-relations-1912-2006-a-historical-synopsis/>.
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The above is an article taken from a Greek newspaper announcing Greece's declaration of war against Bulgaria. The article serves as a form of propaganda and shows that much of Greece's reason for entering the war was to protect its national pride and dignity. Articles like the one above, helped to rally the public and boost its since of nationalism. The document is valuable for it provides insight as to how the Greek government tried to rally support for its cause. This article may be limited as it only provides the Greek perspective of the situation and contains extreme bias towards the Greek cause.
-Caden Broussard



Background information/Causes of the War

The Corfu Incident

The incident in Petrich was not the first of its kind. In 1923 some italian soldiers had been driving through Greece and when a tree blocked their path presumably Albanian bandits attacked the soldiers killing them and their General, General Enrico Tellini. Enraged the Italian government demanded 50 million lire be paid to compensate the soldier's and the general's life and that the assassins be excecuted. Greece was unable to identify the assassins and when they informed Italy they invaded and bombed the island of Corfu. It was believed that Tellini's death was a conveniance to Mussolini's desire to gain control ove the Adriatic Sea. Greece appealed to the League of Nations and Italy was forced to leave Greece, but favored Italy's wishes and the Greek government was forced to pay the Italians compensation. This decision was criticized because it seemingly favored the larger Italy and the League of Nations should have sought to protect Greece.


The Petrich Incident

Known as the "War of The Stray Dog," in 1925, the Petrich incident started when a Greek soldier crossed into Bulgaria while chasing his run away dog. Bulgarian forces shot and killed the soldier, and in response Greece asked that Bulgaria pay to compensate for the soldier's life. When Bulgaria refused to pay Greece invaded the town of Petrich to capture and punish the soldiers responsible. A local militia banded together to prevent Greek soldiers from invading and petitioned to the League of Nations to intervene. By the time the League of Nations intervened 50 people had already been killed. In response Greece was forced to leave and pay a sum of 45 thousand dollars. Greece tried to appeal to the League of nations comparing the incident to the previous incident in Corfu as a response to the killing of Italian soldiers and General Tellini.

Work Cited

http://www.worldlingo.com/ma/enwiki/en/Corfu_incident
http://www.kosmix.com/topic/incident_at_petrich







Role Played By League Of Nations

In this incident, Bulgaria was trusting that the League of Nations resolve the issue and ordered its troops only to show little resistance. Many gathered together to show resistance which included war veterans and volunteers. But, Greece made it clear that it didn't want any Bulgarian territory at all. They simply wanted compensation from what had happened. The League did not let Greece go through with the invasion and called for them to leave and to make compensation to Bulgaria. Greece left and had to compensate Bulgaria with 45,000 euros. There were over 50 people killed from this incident.

The League Of Nations although prevented what have probably turned out to be a big fuss, they could have done a little faster. The Greek soldiers that went into Petrich were able to kill 50 Bulgarians in whom were mostly civilians. If the League would have stopped the Greeks from invading a bit earlier, those people who lost their lives may have been spared. The families of those people would not of had to mourn over their lost family members who volunteered their time to help Petrich. Yet, in all, the League did a pretty good job at restoring peace back in Europe.

Taylor McIntosh

Works Cited
1. http://www.kosmix.com/topic/incident_at_petrich
2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Incident_at_Petrich


Primary Source Visual

Image
Image


This is a British cartoon of Greece and Bulgaria fighting in 1925. The dove of peace coming in to stop the two from fighting represents the League of Nations.

Here the British were making Greece and Bulgaria seem "like Tweedle-dum and Tweedle-dee in the story Alice in Wonderland." The British here is making seem like a childish, immature fight by comparing it to Alice in Wonderland. The League coming in as a dove to stop the fighting did make the League look like how they were supposed to be seen; as people that were to prevent war.
This visual source came from the origin of Great Britain obviously making there opinion on the matter. The purpose was to show that the League would resolve theses type of problems no matter how small the situation, even if they didn't necessarily do that all the time. The value of this cartoon is that it makes the League seem important and powerful in being able to break up what was happening between Greece and Bulgaria. But the limitations of this cartoon is that it is from the point-of-view of Great Britain, so naturally it is a biased document.

Taylor McIntosh
Works Cited
1.http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?f=53&t=48717&start=15